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GERMANY
Number of inhabitants 82,560,000
Number of architects 50,000
Index of architects per inhabitant 0.605‰
 
 

Admittance to the profession

EDUCATION

Establishing of education standards or recognition of study plans Yes
Regular supervision by an independent body Yes
Relevant authorities Competent ministries of each federal state, accreditation agencies.
Recognised educational centers UNIVERSITÄTEN (Universities), TECHNISCHE HOCHSCHULEN (Technical Colleges), TECHNISCHE UNIVERSITÄTEN (Institutes of Technology), UNIVERSITÄTSGESAMTHOCHSCHULEN, HOCHSCHULEN DER BILDENDE KÜNSTE (Schools of Fine Arts), FACHHOCHSCHULEN.
Duration of studies 5 years at the Technical Colleges, Universities, Schools of Fine Arts, including 4 months' practice; 4 years at the Fachhochschulen including 3-18 months' practice.
 
INTERNSHIP
Compulsory Yes
Is it structured and recorded? Yes
Duration 2 years; 3 years in Bavaria and Hamburg.
 
EXAMINATION
Compulsory examination by an external authority to the education No
Examining body  
 
TITLE GRANTED
Academic title DIPLOMINGENIEUR (Univ.), DIPLOMINGENIEUR (FH) Authority that grants the academic title Universities. Technical Colleges and Institutes of Technology
Job title ARCHITEKT (Architect) Authoriry that grants the job title Architektenkammer (Chamber of Architects)
Additional notes The title of Architect is protected and may only be used by members of the Chamber of Architects.
 
Professional practice
Regulated profession Yes
Inscription in register compulsory Yes
Registering entity ARCHITEKTENKAMMER (Chamber of Architects)
Law regulating profession Each federal state (Land) has its own law governing the architectural profession.
Additional notes  
 
ARCHITECT'S COMPETENCES
Description The professional activity of architects involves the design and carrying out of an architectural project, aesthetic, constructional, technical and financial planning of buildings, districts and cities. The professional activity of town planners involves the planning and aesthetics, technical, financial and social planning of towns and regions and the drawing up of urban development plans. The work of architects and town planners also includes attention, advice and representation of developers, planning practical completion, and coordination and supervision of construction. Interior and landscape architects are defined as separate professions. Town planners are also registered at the Chambers of Architects and have a separate professional profile.
 
MECHANISM CHECKING LICENSE TO PRACTISE
Description 1. When processing the construction permit, the local authorities check out with the Chambers if the architect is licensed. 2. In some special cases, architects have the permission to "create" the construction permit, without the authority's checking.
 
ARCHITECT'S LIABILITY
Description 5 years of hand-over. In the case of subcontracting, the architect is responsible for defects arising from selection and supervision.
Source Contracts, which are based on the Civil Code (BGB).
 
INSURANCE
Compulsory Yes
Description  
 
FEES
Does a fee scale exist? Yes
Compulsory Yes
Recommended No
Published by The Federal Government
Additional notes HOAI - fees for architects and engineers. The bases for calculating fees are chargeable building costs, degree of complexity and services provided, as far as buildings are concerned (Town planners are different within the HOAI).
 
CONTINUING PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT
Compulsory Yes
Is it audited? No
Organising body/ies Architektenkammer
Description The CPD is not compulsory in some federal States.
 
CODE OF ETHICS
Does it exist? Yes
Constituting body Architektenkammer or federal State law
 
OTHER PROFESSIONALS INVOLVED IN THE CONSTRUCTION PROCESS
Are there others who may legally provide similar services to architects? Yes
Title Competences
BAUINGENIEUR/-IN (Civil Engineer) Legally comparable to architects only if he/she can use the title Beratender Ingenieur/Beratende Ingenieurin (Consultant Engineer)
Other professionals in the provision of architectural services
Title Competences
   
 
ADDITIONAL NOTES
 
 
PROFESSIONAL ARCHITECTURAL BODIES
Name of body Competences
ARCHITEKTENKAMMER (Chamber of Architects) of each Land, associated in BUNDESARCHITEKTENKAMMER (Federal Chamber of German Architects) Registration, membership, professional and legal advice, establishment of arbitration procedures, continuing professional development and specialised courses. Announcement of Sworn Esperts.
BUND DEUTSCHER ARCHITEKTEN BDA Represents the profession at the institutional level, international representation of German architects.
VEREINIGUNG FREISCHAFFENDER ARCHITEKTEN Watching for the interests of its members, and gives support for chambers.
BUND DEUTSCHER BAUMEISTER Watching for the interests of its members, and gives support for chambers.
 
 
Foreign architects
Can a foreign architect practice independently? Yes
 
LAW/S REGULATING PRACTICE
 
 
REQUIREMENTS
Origin 1 (EU citizens) Architecture diploma as listed in Directive 85/384/CE, proof of 2-3 years of practical experience (this period varies among jurisdictions).
Origin 2 (Others) Architecture diploma recognised by the relevant Ministries of the Land (federal State) in question, proof of 2-3 years of practical experience (this period varies among jurisdictions).
Origin 3  
 
PROCEDURE
Application to the regional Chamber.
 
EXPENSES
Sworn translation of documents, inscription in the Register.
 
DOCUMENTATION
Origin 1 (EU citizens) Identity document, diploma, certificate of good character and repute, declaration that no insolvency is undertaken, proof that you have not been subject to disciplinary action, proof of professional indemnity insurance. In the case of providing services, you have to present a certificate of lawful practice in the member state where you are established, a certificate stating that your qualification is listed in or adequate to Directive 85/384/CE, a prior declaration if the services to be provided involve a project in the Land in question and a document certifying that you have acquired relevant professional experience of the same length as the training period required in the Land in question.
Origin 2  
Origin 3  

If foreign architects are authorised to work independently, what type of collaboration with national architects is recommended? As the construction permit is required for all construction work, foreign architects who are not registered necessarily have to collaborate with a local architect.
In the event that foreign architects are not authorised to work independently, what is the stipulated formula of collaboration with national architects? None.

ADDITIONAL NOTES
 

Useful addresses
BUND DEUTSCHER BAUMEISTER
Willdenowstr. 6
12203  Berlin
Tel: 49-30-841 8970
Fax: 49-30-8418 9722
e-mail: info@baumeister-online.de
URL: http://www.baumeister-online.de/
BUND DEUTSCHER ARCHITEKTEN
Köpenicker Str. 48/49
10179  Berlin
Tel: 49-30-27 87 990
Fax: 49-30-27 87 9915
e-mail: kontakt@bda-bund.de
URL: http://www.bda-architekten.de
BUNDESARCHITEKTENKAMMER
Askanischer Platz 4
10179  Berlin
Tel: 49-30-26 39 440
Fax: 49-30-26 39 44 90
e-mail: info@bak.de
URL: www.bak.de
VEREINIGUNG FREISCHAFFENDER ARCHITEKTEN DEUTSCHLANDS
Turmstrasse 33
10551  Berlin
Tel: 49-30-39 49 40 19
Fax: 49-30-30 49 40 39
e-mail: info@vfa-architekten.de
URL: http://www.vfa-architekten.de

This research has been carried out by the COAC for the UIA on behalf of its Spanish Section.
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