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TURKEY
Number of inhabitants 73,302,000
Number of architects 31,900
Index of architects per inhabitant 0.435‰
 
 

Admittance to the profession

EDUCATION

Establishing of education standards or recognition of study plans No
Regular supervision by an independent body No
Relevant authorities HIGHER EDUCATION CONTROL for recognition in general, UNIVERSITIES for their own detailed programmes.
Recognised educational centers DEPARTMENTS OF ARCHITECTURE of 22 state and 6 private UNIVERSITIES
Duration of studies 4 years.
 
INTERNSHIP
Compulsory No
Is it structured and recorded? No
Duration  
 
EXAMINATION
Compulsory examination by an external authority to the education No
Examining body  
 
TITLE GRANTED
Academic title MIMAR (Architect) Authority that grants the academic title Universities
Job title MIMAR (Architect) Authoriry that grants the job title  
Additional notes There is no difference between academic and job title. The academic title is valid and sufficient for practice.
 
Professional practice
Regulated profession Yes
Inscription in register compulsory Yes
Registering entity MIMARLAR ODASI (Chamber of Architects)
Law regulating profession Union of Engineers and Architects' Chambers Act no. 6235, Engineering and Architeure Act no. 3458
Additional notes  
 
ARCHITECT'S COMPETENCES
Description Architectural design of buildings, feasibility studies, drafting of technical documentation, supervision and co-ordination of the construction, appraisal services, consulting and technical expertise.
 
MECHANISM CHECKING LICENSE TO PRACTISE
Description Before issuing the building permit, municipalities and other authorities require the Chamber's written confirmation noting that architect is registered and authorised to practise. The drawings to be submitted for building permit are pre-checked and stamped by the Chamber in certain municipalities by mutual agreement.
 
ARCHITECT'S LIABILITY
Description Variable
Source Usually it depends on the contract with the client.
 
INSURANCE
Compulsory No
Description  
 
FEES
Does a fee scale exist? Yes
Compulsory Yes
Recommended No
Published by Mimarlar Odasi (Chamber of Architects)
Additional notes  
 
CONTINUING PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT
Compulsory No
Is it audited? No
Organising body/ies Mimarlar Odasi (Chamber of Architects)
Description The Chamber of Architects prepares a comprehensive programme for the CPD.
 
CODE OF ETHICS
Does it exist? Yes
Constituting body Mimarlar Odasi (Chamber of Architects)
 
OTHER PROFESSIONALS INVOLVED IN THE CONSTRUCTION PROCESS
Are there others who may legally provide similar services to architects? No
Title Competences
   
Other professionals in the provision of architectural services
Title Competences
CIVIL ENGINEER Design of structures
MECHANICAL ENGINEER Design of equipment / installations
ELECTRICAL ENGINEER Design of electrical installations
 
ADDITIONAL NOTES
 
 
PROFESSIONAL ARCHITECTURAL BODIES
Name of body Competences
MIMARLAR ODASI (Chamber of Architects) - In accordance with Law No: 6235: To meet common needs of architects and to facilitate their professional activities - To developed the profession in favor of public interest- To maintain professional discipline and ethic in order that honesty and trust dominate in relations of architects both with each other, clients and the public.- To prepare proposals and provide assistance to official bodies on the issues related to the profession- To review all legislation, norms and technical specifications within the fields of architecture and to inform the concerned parties about the views and recommendations of the Chamber
 
 
Foreign architects
Can a foreign architect practice independently? No
 
LAW/S REGULATING PRACTICE
Union of Chambers of Engineers and Architects Act no. 6235, Art. 34, 35 and 36.
 
REQUIREMENTS
Origin 1 Foreign contractors or foreign entities, who are commissioned by a state or private body can employ foreign architects within the limits of that specific contract upon review and recommendation of the Union of Chamber of Engineers and Architects and the approval of the Ministry of Public Works. (Law No: 6235 Article 34)
Origin 2 To employ foreign architects in the works except the ones noted above, depends on the decision of Ministry of Public Works upon the Union of Chambers' review and recommendation. Foreign architects employed by state or private establishments for advisory jobs and by universities as teachers, are exempt from this rule. They are however allowed to work for the jobs they have been hired for and cannot practice in any other way. (Law No: 6235 Article 35)
Origin 3 Architects of Turkish origin, with foreign citizenship are subjected to law No: 2527. Upon approval of related ministries, they can be registered by the Chamber having all the rights of members with TR citizenship, except to participate, to vote and to be elected in General Assemblies of the Chamber.
 
PROCEDURE
Joint application should be made to Ministry of Public Works together with the establishment that employs the architect.
 
EXPENSES
Sworn translation of documents, Chamber of Architects membership fee.
 
DOCUMENTATION
Origin 1 Diploma in architecture, proof of equivalent from Higher Education Council, passport, residence permit. (Copies and translation of diploma and passport should be approved by a public notary or by a Turkish Consulate)
Origin 2  
Origin 3  

If foreign architects are authorised to work independently, what type of collaboration with national architects is recommended?  
In the event that foreign architects are not authorised to work independently, what is the stipulated formula of collaboration with national architects? Only architects with Turkish citizenships can practice independently (e.g. sign the drawings and documents submitted for construction permit.) Therefore it is advisable to cooperate with local architects who have all the rights to practice the profession in Turkey

ADDITIONAL NOTES
 

Useful addresses
MIMARLAR ODASI
Konur Sok. 4/2, Yenisehir
06650  Ankara
Tel: 90-312-417 3727
Fax: 91-312-418 0361
e-mail: info@mimarlarodasi.org.tr
URL: www.mimarlarodasi.org.tr
 

This research has been carried out by the COAC for the UIA on behalf of its Spanish Section.
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© Col·legi d'Arquitectes de Catalunya, 2000
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