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U.S.A.
Number of inhabitants 300,038,000
Number of architects 102,000
Index of architects per inhabitant 0.339‰
 
 

Admittance to the profession

EDUCATION

Establishing of education standards or recognition of study plans Yes
Regular supervision by an independent body Yes
Relevant authorities National Architecture Accrediting Board, Association of Collegiate Schools of Architecture
Recognised educational centers SCHOOLS OF ARCHITECTURE accredited by the National Architecture Accrediting Board (108).
Duration of studies Variable.
 
INTERNSHIP
Compulsory Yes
Is it structured and recorded? Yes
Duration Duration varies in diferent States, as each Board has its own requirements. Most of them demand 3 years of training or superation of IDP (Intern Development Program).
 
EXAMINATION
Compulsory examination by an external authority to the education Yes
Examining body The Architectural Registration Boards in the individual States and Territorial Jurisdictions administering the standard Architects' Registration Examination and local criteria.
 
TITLE GRANTED
Academic title   Authority that grants the academic title  
Job title ARCHITECT Authoriry that grants the job title Architectural Registration Boards of the individual States
Additional notes  
 
Professional practice
Regulated profession Yes
Inscription in register compulsory Yes
Registering entity ARCHITECTURAL REGISTRATION BOARDS of the individual States and Territorial Jurisdictions
Law regulating profession Variable among States.
Additional notes Although registration laws vary among States, all Boards require satisfaction of an education, training and examination requirements.
 
ARCHITECT'S COMPETENCES
Description Design of buildings, feasibility studies, drafting of technical documentation related to the design, cost control, supervision and co-ordination of the construction.
 
MECHANISM CHECKING LICENSE TO PRACTISE
Description None.
 
ARCHITECT'S LIABILITY
Description The laws of most States and Territories hold architects personally liable for their works.
Source  
 
INSURANCE
Compulsory No
Description  
 
FEES
Does a fee scale exist? No
Compulsory No
Recommended No
Published by  
Additional notes  
 
CONTINUING PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT
Compulsory Yes
Is it audited? Yes
Organising body/ies The American Institute of Architects
Description Compulsory continuing education requirements must be fulfilled in order to maintain membership in the American Institute of Architects. In addition, 21 of the State Architectural Registration Boards have mandatory professional development requirements. These States accept the AIA continuing education for membership as fulfilling the State Registration Board requirements.
 
CODE OF ETHICS
Does it exist? Yes
Constituting body The American Institute of Architects has an enforcable mandatory code of ethics for its members. In addition, many of the State Architectural Registration Boards maintain codes of ethics and cunduct.
 
OTHER PROFESSIONALS INVOLVED IN THE CONSTRUCTION PROCESS
Are there others who may legally provide similar services to architects? No
Title Competences
   
Other professionals in the provision of architectural services
Title Competences
   
 
ADDITIONAL NOTES
 
 
PROFESSIONAL ARCHITECTURAL BODIES
Name of body Competences
NATIONAL COUNCIL OF ARCHITECTURAL REGISTRATION BOARDS NCARB is the federation of the state registration boards that register and govern the practice of architecture in the United States. Working with the state boards, NCARB establishes national standards for certifying qualified architects.
THE AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF ARCHITECTS The AIA's aim is to organise and unite the profession in fellowship, to promote the profession of architecture including its aesthetic, scientific and practical efficiency; to advance the science and art of planning and building; to coordinate the building industry, and to make the profession of ever-increasing service to society.
ASSOCIATION OF COLLEGIATE SCHOOLS OF ARCHITECTURE ACSA's purpose is to advance the quality of architectural education. It has 200 member schools, including all of the accredited degree programs in the US and Canada and many schools without accredited programs.
NATIONAL ARCHITECTURE ACCREDITING BOARD Establishing of general criteria for evaluating and accreditation of degree programs.
 
 
Foreign architects
Can a foreign architect practice independently? Yes
 
LAW/S REGULATING PRACTICE
 
 
REQUIREMENTS
Origin 1 Architects from foreign countries desiring to practice as individuals must first be licensed in the jurisdiction where the practice is to take place, meeting the requirements of the local Board.
Origin 2  
Origin 3  
 
PROCEDURE
Sworn translation of documents, examination (ARE) and license.
 
EXPENSES
Variable among States - contact state Registration Board for specific costs and fees.
 
DOCUMENTATION
Origin 1  
Origin 2  
Origin 3  

If foreign architects are authorised to work independently, what type of collaboration with national architects is recommended? No collaboration required
In the event that foreign architects are not authorised to work independently, what is the stipulated formula of collaboration with national architects? Association or collaboration frequently occurs. Check with NCARB for list of States recognising associations and the requirements of association.

ADDITIONAL NOTES
 

Useful addresses
NATIONAL COUNCIL OF ARCHITECTURAL REGISTRATION BOARDS
1801 K Street, N.W., Suite 1100 K
DC 20006  Washington
Tel: 1-202-783 6500
Fax: 1-202-783 0290
e-mail: customservice@ncarb.org
URL: http://www.ncarb.org
THE AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF ARCHITECTS
1735 New York Avenue, NW
DC 20006  Washington
Tel: 1-202-626 7315
Fax: 1-202-626 7421
e-mail: infocentral@aia.org
URL: http://www.aia.org
NATIONAL ARCHITECTURE ACCREDITING BOARD
1735 New York Avenue, NW
DC 20006  Washington
Tel: 1-202-783 2007
Fax: 1-202-783 2822
e-mail: info@naab.org
URL: http://www.naab.org
ASSOCIATION OF COLLEGIATE SCHOOLS OF ARCHITECTURE
1735 New York Avenue, NW
DC 20006  Washington
Tel: 1-202-785 2324
Fax: 1-202-628 0448
e-mail: info@asca-arch.org
URL: http://www.acsa-arch.org

This research has been carried out by the COAC for the UIA on behalf of its Spanish Section.
The information and data presented here are purely for informative purposes. In no case does the Col·legi d’Arquitectes de Catalunya take responsibility for the veracity of the contents.

© Col·legi d'Arquitectes de Catalunya, 2000
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