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ROMANIA
Number of inhabitants 22,228,000
Number of architects 5,500
Index of architects per inhabitant 0.247‰
 
 

Admittance to the profession

EDUCATION

Establishing of education standards or recognition of study plans Yes
Regular supervision by an independent body No
Relevant authorities THE MINISTRY OF EDUCATION AND RESEARCH
Recognised educational centers UNIVERSITY OF ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN PLANNING "ION MINCU", BUCHAREST; ARCHITECTURE DEPARTMENT OF THE TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY OF CLUJ-NAPOCA, ARCHITECTURE DIVISION of the DEPARTMENTS OF BUILDING ENGINEERING AND ARCHITECTURE of the TECHNICAL UNIVERSITITES OF IASI (GHEORGHE ASACHI) AND TIMISOARA. PRIVATE CENTER: ARCHITECTURE DEPARTMENT OF THE "SPIRU HARET" UNIVERSITY, BUCHAREST
Duration of studies 6 years
 
INTERNSHIP
Compulsory Yes
Is it structured and recorded? Yes
Duration 6 months during the studies (sixth year). 2 years after finishing the studies and before registering as an architect.
 
EXAMINATION
Compulsory examination by an external authority to the education Yes
Examining body Permanent Commission of the Architects Order of Romania
 
TITLE GRANTED
Academic title ARCHITECT Authority that grants the academic title The institution that issues diplomas recognised by the Ministry of Education and Research
Job title LICENSED ARCHITECT Authoriry that grants the job title Ordinul Arhitectilor din Romania (Architects' Order of Romania)
Additional notes The Act 184 defines the title of "architect" as an academic title and "licensed architect" as a professional title of an architect that has the right to elaborate and sign buildings and urban planning projects (except the city master plan).
 
Professional practice
Regulated profession Yes
Inscription in register compulsory Yes
Registering entity ORDINUL ARHITECTILOR DIN ROMANIA (Architects Order of Romania)
Law regulating profession Act no. 184/2001, that regulates the organising and exercising the architectural profession
Additional notes  
 
ARCHITECT'S COMPETENCES
Description Design of buildings, feasibility studies, drafting of technical documentation related to the designs, supervision and co-ordination of the construction, urban planning and development (except city master plans), regional & national planning and landscape design in combined teams, supervision and co-ordination of the realisation of the latter projects, design of interiors, furnishings, fittings and objects, appraisal services, consulting and technical expertise.
 
MECHANISM CHECKING LICENSE TO PRACTISE
Description The local authorities check whether the architect is licensed and legally authorised to practice.
 
ARCHITECT'S LIABILITY
Description 10 years
Source Act 10 concerning the quality of buildings
 
INSURANCE
Compulsory No
Description  
 
FEES
Does a fee scale exist? Yes
Compulsory Yes
Recommended No
Published by The Union of Architects of Romania, with agreement of the Ministry of Public Works, Transportation and Housing and the Ministry of Culture and Religious Affairs
Additional notes  
 
CONTINUING PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT
Compulsory Yes
Is it audited? Yes
Organising body/ies Unionea Arhitectilor din Romania (Union of Architects of Romania)
Description  
 
CODE OF ETHICS
Does it exist? Yes
Constituting body Unionea Arhitectilor din Romania
 
OTHER PROFESSIONALS INVOLVED IN THE CONSTRUCTION PROCESS
Are there others who may legally provide similar services to architects? Yes
Title Competences
ARCHITECT - TECHNICIAN Only in buildings of limited importance and size: up to 175 sqm and 2 levels (ground floor +1).
Other professionals in the provision of architectural services
Title Competences
BUILDING ENGINEER Structure, heating, electric and plumbing installations.
 
ADDITIONAL NOTES
 
 
PROFESSIONAL ARCHITECTURAL BODIES
Name of body Competences
ORDINUL ARHITECTILOR DIN ROMANIA (Architects' Order of Romania) Protection and promotion of the quality of architectural and town planning products, supervision of qualified and competent architectural practice in compliance with the code of professional conduct, suggesting legislative and normative regulations, representing the interests of its members (nationally and internationally), certifying the architects' right to practise and maintaining the register (National Architects' List).
UNIUNEA ARHITECTILOR DIN ROMANIA (Union of Architects of Romania)  
SOCIETATEA ARHITECTILOR ROMANI (Society of Romanian Architects)  
ASOCIATIA PROFESIONALA A URBANISTILOR DIN ROMANIA (Urban Planners Professional Association)  
UNIUNEA FEMEILOR ARHITECT DIN ROMANIA (Union of Women Architects of Romania)  
UNIUNEA NATIONALA A RESTAURATORILOR MONUMENTE ISTORICE (Nationa Union of Build Heritage Restorers)  
 
 
Foreign architects
Can a foreign architect practice independently? No
 
LAW/S REGULATING PRACTICE
 
 
REQUIREMENTS
Origin 1  
Origin 2  
Origin 3  
 
PROCEDURE
 
 
EXPENSES
 
 
DOCUMENTATION
Origin 1  
Origin 2  
Origin 3  

If foreign architects are authorised to work independently, what type of collaboration with national architects is recommended?  
In the event that foreign architects are not authorised to work independently, what is the stipulated formula of collaboration with national architects? Joint venture with a licensed architect recognised by the Romanian state.

ADDITIONAL NOTES
The circumstances under which the foreign architects can acquire the right of signature in Romania and can apply for registration to the National Architects' List shall be established under mutual conventions concluded by the Romanian state or the Order of Architects and the equivalent organisation in the country of origin of the applicant, in compliance with the existing laws.

Useful addresses
UNIUNEA ARHITECTILOR DIN ROMANIA
Academiei str. 18-20, Sector 1
  Bucuresti
Tel: 40-1-312 30 53
e-mail: rna@com.pcnet.ro
URL: http://uar.ong.ro/
UNIUNEA FEMEILOR ARHITEKT DIN ROMANIA
Academiei str. 18-20, Sector 1
  Bucuresti
Tel: 40-1-212 28 54
e-mail: capitel@softnet.ro
ASOCIATIA ARHITECTILOR DE INTERIOR DIN ROMANIA
Calea Serban Voda 66-68, ap. 8, S. 4
  Bucuresti
Tel: 40-1-336 77 58
e-mail: patrascu@fx.ro, spintea@mail.kappa.ro
SOCIETATEA ARHITECTILOR ROMANI
Splaiul Independentei nr. 202A, et. 6, camera 616 - 628, sector 6
  Bucuresti
Tel: 40-1-230 79 08, 230 59 77, 322 37 51
e-mail: dsba@dnt.ro
ASOCIATIA PROFESIONALA A URBANISTILOR DIN ROMANIA
Academiei str. 18-20, Sector 1
  Bucuresti
Tel: 40-1-307 71 69, 240 67 74
e-mail: sandu@iamim.ro, liviugb@fx.ro
ORDINUL ARHITECTILOR DIN ROMANIA
19 Pictor Arthur Verona, Sector 1
  Bucuresti
Tel: 40-21-2104099
Fax: 40-21-2104099
e-mail: secretar.oar@rdslink.ro
URL: http://www.oar.org.ro
UNIUNEA NATIONALA A RESTAURATORILOR MONUMENTE ISTORICE
Enachita Vacarescu str. 16, S.4
  Bucuresti
Tel: 40-1-310 06 71; 40-44-136 198
e-mail: restitutio@fx.ro
 

This research has been carried out by the COAC for the UIA on behalf of its Spanish Section.
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© Col·legi d'Arquitectes de Catalunya, 2000
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