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BELGIUM
Number of inhabitants 10,359,000
Number of architects 11,500
Index of architects per inhabitant 1.110‰
 
 

Admittance to the profession

EDUCATION

Establishing of education standards or recognition of study plans Yes
Regular supervision by an independent body No
Relevant authorities MINISTRY OF EDUCATION of each Region
Recognised educational centers INSTITUTS SUPÉRIEURS D'ARCHITECTURE (Superior Institutes of Architecture) LA CAMBRE (Brussels) and INTERCOMMUNALE (Brussels /Victor Horta/, Liège /Lambert Lombard/ and Mons), DEPARTMENTS OF ARCHITECTURE of HOGESCHOLEN (Highschools) of Antwerp and Limburg, SAINT-LUC /SINT-LUCAS SCHOOLS OF ARCHITECTURE of Gent/Brussels (flemmish), Liège/Tournai and Brussels (vallon); DEPARTMENTS OF ARCHITECTURE of the UNIVERSITIES of Leuven, Gent, Brussels, Liège and Louvain-la-Neuve, and of the POLYTECHNICAL FACULTY OF MONS.
Duration of studies 5 years.
 
INTERNSHIP
Compulsory Yes
Is it structured and recorded? Yes
Duration 2 years.
 
EXAMINATION
Compulsory examination by an external authority to the education No
Examining body  
 
TITLE GRANTED
Academic title ARCHITECT or INGENIEUR-ARCHITECT (Architect-Engineer) Authority that grants the academic title Ministry of Education
Job title ARCHITECT Authoriry that grants the job title Orde van Architecten /Ordre des Architectes (Order of Architects)
Additional notes  
 
Professional practice
Regulated profession Yes
Inscription in register compulsory Yes
Registering entity ORDE VAN ARCHITECTEN /ORDRE DES ARCHITECTES (Order of Architects)
Law regulating profession Act of 20/2/1939 on the protection of the title and the profession of architect, modified by the Royal Decrees of 6/7/1990 and of 29/3/1995.
Additional notes The profession of architect is totally independent of the constructor's. An architect can not be contracted by an constructor.
 
ARCHITECT'S COMPETENCES
Description With the exception of some work of very minor importance (which varies from Region to Region) the law of 1939 requires the involvment of an architect in any construction work needing a building permit, in redacting a project and monitoring the implementation of the works. Design of buildings (structures and installations in a certain measure), feasibility studies, drafting of tehcnical documentation, cost control, supervision and co-ordination of the construction, consulting and technical expertise. Architect who specialise in urban planning may perform Urban planning & development, design of urban structure, regional and national planning, landscape design, as well as the co-ordination of the realisation of this kind of projects.
 
MECHANISM CHECKING LICENSE TO PRACTISE
Description The observance of the above mentioned legal provisions is monitored in particular by the administration and by the Order of Architects through the "project author certificate", which is part of the building permit application file. Before applying for a building permit, the architect must submit this certificate to the Order of Architects to obtain the Order's approval stamp.
 
ARCHITECT'S LIABILITY
Description 10 years as of a hand-over. The professional responsibility is personal and public.
Source Articles 1792 and 2270 of the Civil Code.
 
INSURANCE
Compulsory Yes
Description Royal Decree 18 of April '85. Art. 15 of the Code of Ethics.
 
FEES
Does a fee scale exist? Yes
Compulsory No
Recommended Yes
Published by Orde van Architecten /Ordre des Architectes (Order of Arquitects)
Additional notes  
 
CONTINUING PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT
Compulsory No
Is it audited? No
Organising body/ies  
Description  
 
CODE OF ETHICS
Does it exist? Yes
Constituting body Orde van Architecten /Ordre des Architectes (Order of Arquitects)
 
OTHER PROFESSIONALS INVOLVED IN THE CONSTRUCTION PROCESS
Are there others who may legally provide similar services to architects? No
Title Competences
   
Other professionals in the provision of architectural services
Title Competences
   
 
ADDITIONAL NOTES
 
 
PROFESSIONAL ARCHITECTURAL BODIES
Name of body Competences
ORDE VAN ARCHITEKTEN /ORDRE DES ARCHITECTES (Order of Architects) of each province. The 10 provincial Councils are federated in NATIONALE RAAD /CONSEIL NATIONAL (National Council) Establishes the rules on professional conduct, sees to it that these are observed and respected, assures the honour, discretion and dignity of its members in their exercise of the profession, refers to the judicial authorities any infraction of the laws and regulations protecting the title and the profession, carries out a register of architects.
KONINKLIJKE FEDERATIE DER ARCHITECTENVERENIGINGEN VAN BELGIË / FEDERATION ROYALE DES SOCIÉTÉS D'ARCHITECTES DE BELGIQUE (Royal Federation of the Societies of Architects of Belgium) Promotion of architecture and town-planning, defence of professional social and cultural interests of its members on national and international level.
 
 
Foreign architects
Can a foreign architect practice independently? Yes
 
LAW/S REGULATING PRACTICE
Royal Decrees 6/7/90 and 2973/95, modifications of the Act of 20/2/1939.
 
REQUIREMENTS
Origin 1 (EU citizens) Diploma in architecture as contemplated in the EU Directive 85/384/CE and a demostrable two-years practical experience.
Origin 2 (others) Royal decree needed for the equivalency of the foreign diploma and the right to practice
Origin 3  
 
PROCEDURE
Presentation of the application at the provincial Council of the Order of Architects. In case of providing services, application at the National Council.
 
EXPENSES
Sworn translation of documents, membership (if permanent) or inscription in register (if provider of services).
 
DOCUMENTATION
Origin 1 (EU citizens) Certificate of nationality, certified copy of the diploma, certificate of having an insurance, certificate that you are not bankrupt, certificate of good customs. In the case of providing services, a certificate of legal exercise in the country of origin must be presented, as well as a certificate that accreditates that the diploma is listed in the Directive 85/384/CE.
Origin 2  
Origin 3  

If foreign architects are authorised to work independently, what type of collaboration with national architects is recommended?  
In the event that foreign architects are not authorised to work independently, what is the stipulated formula of collaboration with national architects?  

ADDITIONAL NOTES
 

Useful addresses
ORDE VAN ARCHITECTEN, NATIONALE RAAD
Livornostraat 160, Bus 2
1000  Brussel
Tel: 32-2-647 04 94
Fax: 32-2-646 38 18
e-mail: nationale.raad@ordevanarchitekten.be
URL: http://www.ordevanarchitecten.be
FÉDERATION ROYALE DES SOCIÉTÉS D'ARCHITECTES DE BELGIQUE
Rue Ernest Allard, 21
1000  Bruxelles
Tel: 32-2-512 34 52
Fax: 32-2-502 82 04
e-mail: info@fab-arch.be
URL: http://www.fab-arch.be/

This research has been carried out by the COAC for the UIA on behalf of its Spanish Section.
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© Col·legi d'Arquitectes de Catalunya, 2000
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