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BRASIL
Number of inhabitants 182,798,000
Number of architects 80,000
Index of architects per inhabitant 0.437‰
 
 

Admittance to the profession

EDUCATION

Establishing of education standards or recognition of study plans Yes
Regular supervision by an independent body Yes
Relevant authorities MINISTÉRIO DA EDUCAÇÃO E DESPORTO - MEC (Ministry of Education and Sports).
Recognised educational centers Around 135 schools/faculties/courses which are independent or part of state/private universities.
Duration of studies 5 years or 10 semester courses.
 
INTERNSHIP
Compulsory No
Is it structured and recorded? No
Duration One or two semesters, when existing.
 
EXAMINATION
Compulsory examination by an external authority to the education No
Examining body  
 
TITLE GRANTED
Academic title   Authority that grants the academic title  
Job title ARQUITETO E URBANISTA (Architect and Urban Planner) Authoriry that grants the job title Ministério da Educação e Desporto, with a posterior register to CREA
Additional notes There is a final assessment at the end of the period of studies, which is usually called Trabalho Final de Graduação (Graduation Project), evaluated by a board composed of both internal and external representatives of the profession and the latter are sometimes nominated by the Instituto de Arquitetos do Brasil.
 
Professional practice
Regulated profession Yes
Inscription in register compulsory Yes
Registering entity CONSELHOS REGIONÁIS DE ENGENHARIA, ARQUITECTURA E AGRONOMIA - CREA's (Regional Councils for Engineering, Architecture and Agriculture).
Law regulating profession Federal Law Nº 5194, 25/12/1966.
Additional notes The Instituto de Arquitetos do Brasil (IAB, Brazilian Institute of Architects) intends to create an autonomous council for architects (Colégio Brasileiro de Arquitetos) in the near future.
 
ARCHITECT'S COMPETENCES
Description According to the brazilian law, the professional activity of architects involves the planning, designing and construction of buildings, districts and cities, art works, monuments, squares and parks.
 
MECHANISM CHECKING LICENSE TO PRACTISE
Description The municipality where the building shall be carried out is responsible for the stamping of projects that require a registered architect or a registered civil engineer, and it (1) makes sure there is a licensed professional in charge; (2) certifies that the designs comply with all the documentary requirements stipulated by the law; and (3) gives approval for immediate construction. Moreover, architects must formalise their professional responsibility when commissioned to perform any architectural services on a form called Anotação de Responsabilidade Técnica - ART-, which specifies the site, the client and the accorded fees.
 
ARCHITECT'S LIABILITY
Description 20 years as of completion.
Source Civil Code.
 
INSURANCE
Compulsory No
Description  
 
FEES
Does a fee scale exist? Yes
Compulsory No
Recommended Yes
Published by Instituto de Arquitetos do Brasil (IAB) publishes the recommended fee scale that is registered at the Conselhos Regionais de Engenheria, Arquitetura e Agronomia (CREAs)
Additional notes  
 
CONTINUING PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT
Compulsory No
Is it audited? No
Organising body/ies Instituto dos Arquitetos do Brasil
Description IAB offers courses through its departments in each Brasilian state.
 
CODE OF ETHICS
Does it exist? Yes
Constituting body IAB and CREA's
 
OTHER PROFESSIONALS INVOLVED IN THE CONSTRUCTION PROCESS
Are there others who may legally provide similar services to architects? Yes
Title Competences
ENGENHEIRO CIVIL (Civil Engineer) The planning, designing and construction of buildings, roads, water collecting systems, canals, harbours, airports. It also includes draining, irrigation and sewage systems of rural and urban areas.
Other professionals in the provision of architectural services
Title Competences
   
 
ADDITIONAL NOTES
 
 
PROFESSIONAL ARCHITECTURAL BODIES
Name of body Competences
INSTITUTO DE ARQUITETOS DO BRASIL, IAB - Brasilian Institute of Architects - present in Brasilia and in each state through its Departments. The development of architecture as an art, science and profession as well as the promotion of competitions and training (courses, exhibitions, congresses and publishing).
FEDERAÇÃO NACIONAL DE ARQUITETOS, FNA - National Federation of Architects, which congregates the state trade unions. The protection of architectural and architect's interests, specially when concerning work relations and legal service.
CONSELHOS REGIONAIS DE ENGENHARIA, ARQUITETURA E AGRONOMIA, CREA (Regional Councils for Engineering, Architecture and Agriculture) Register of Architects, Engineers and Agronoms.
ASSOCIAÇÃO BRASILEIRA DE ESCRITÓRIOS DE ARQUITETURA, AsBEA - Brasilian Association of Architectural Practices. The protection of several types of companies specialised in the provision of architectural services.
ASSOCIAÇÃO BRASILEIRA DE ENSINO DE ARQUITETURA, ABEA - Brasilian Association of Architectural Education. The improvement of architectural education and training.
ASSOCIAÇÃO BRASILEIRA DE ARQUITETOS PAISAGISTAS, ABAP - Brasilian Association of Landscape Architects. Development of landscape architecture.
 
 
Foreign architects
Can a foreign architect practice independently? Yes
 
LAW/S REGULATING PRACTICE
Federal Law Nº 5194, 25/12/1966.
 
REQUIREMENTS
Origin 1 Citizens from countries with whom Brazil has treaties of automatic mutual diploma recognition (such as Paraguay and Equador) can practise anywhere in Brazil, provided that they register in the CREA of the jurisdiction of the construction/client.
Origin 2 Foreign citizens from countries other than those included in the previous, have to revalidate their diplomas.
Origin 3  
 
PROCEDURE
Firstly, applicants have to revalidate their secondary education at the Secretaria Estadual da Educação (when they may be required to be fluent with the Portuguese language and the Brazilian history). They are supposed afterwards to present an application to any of the existing federal universities (where his original university programme shall be compared to that of the brazilian course and he may have to pursue some extra educational credits). Only then a foreign architect will have a valid diploma and will be allowed to apply for professional licensing at the CREA of the jurisdiction where he is going to practice.
 
EXPENSES
Sworn translation of documents, fees at the Federal University, inscription in the Regional Councils (registering bodies).
 
DOCUMENTATION
Origin 1 Identity document, work permit, diploma, proof of residence, etc.
Origin 2 Identity document, work permit, revalidated diploma, proof of residence, etc.
Origin 3  

If foreign architects are authorised to work independently, what type of collaboration with national architects is recommended?  
In the event that foreign architects are not authorised to work independently, what is the stipulated formula of collaboration with national architects? Association or collaboration with a local registered architect with the legal required competence for the specific services.

ADDITIONAL NOTES
 

Useful addresses
INSTITUTO DE ARQUITETOS DO BRASIL, IAB
Avenida Rio Branco 277, sala 1.301
20040-009  Rio de Janeiro
Tel: 55-21-2524 4410 /2533 9514
Fax: 55-21-2524 4410 /2533 9514
e-mail: secretaria@iab.org.br
URL: http://www.iab.org.br
FEDERAÇÃO NACIONAL DOS ARQUITETOS E URBANISATAS
SEPN-Q-516 Bloco A Sala 204
70707-515  Brasilia
Tel: 55 61 3347.8889
Fax: 55-51-212 2552, 225 7623
e-mail: fna@fna.org.br
URL: http://www.fna.org.br
CONSELHO FEDERAL DE ENGENHARIA, ARQUITETURA E AGRONOMIA
SEPN 508 - Bloco B - Ed. Adolpho Morales de Los Rios Filho
70740-542  Brasília
Tel: 55-61-348-3700
Fax: 55-61-348-3739
e-mail: sege@confea.org.br
URL: http://www.confea.org.br/
 

This research has been carried out by the COAC for the UIA on behalf of its Spanish Section.
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