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CANADA
Number of inhabitants 31,972,000
Number of architects 7,500
Index of architects per inhabitant 0.234‰
 
 

Admittance to the profession

EDUCATION

Establishing of education standards or recognition of study plans Yes
Regular supervision by an independent body Yes
Relevant authorities The Canadian Architectural Certification Board
Recognised educational centers UNIVERSITIES of BRITISH COLUMBIA, MANITOBA, WATERLOO, MONTRÉAL, LAVAL, CALGARY and TORONTO; DALHOUSE UNIVERSITY, McGILL UNIVERSITY, CARLETON UNIVERSITY.
Duration of studies Depends on the University - aprox. 5-6 years
 
INTERNSHIP
Compulsory Yes
Is it structured and recorded? Yes
Duration 5600 hours of experience that meet the Intern Architect Program of the Provincial Associations of Architects.
 
EXAMINATION
Compulsory examination by an external authority to the education Yes
Examining body National Council of Architectural Registration Boards and some Provincial Associations have other requirements.
 
TITLE GRANTED
Academic title B.ARCH, M.ARCH Authority that grants the academic title University, Schools of Architecture
Job title ARCHITECT Authoriry that grants the job title Provincial Association of Architects
Additional notes  
 
Professional practice
Regulated profession Yes
Inscription in register compulsory Yes
Registering entity PROVINCIAL ASSOCIATION OF ARCHITECTS
Law regulating profession The Laws (Architects Act) vary among Provinces
Additional notes  
 
ARCHITECT'S COMPETENCES
Description Design for the construction, enlargement or alteration of a building under determined specifications.
 
MECHANISM CHECKING LICENSE TO PRACTISE
Description The Provincial Associations of Architects control the license to practice.
 
ARCHITECT'S LIABILITY
Description Limitation period varies by province. Minimum $250,000 per claim.
Source Architects Act, Provincial Limitations Legislation.
 
INSURANCE
Compulsory Yes
Description Errors and Omissions for Professional Services
 
FEES
Does a fee scale exist? No
Compulsory No
Recommended No
Published by  
Additional notes Federal Governments' competitions legislation prohibits fee scales.
 
CONTINUING PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT
Compulsory Yes
Is it audited? Yes
Organising body/ies Provincial Association of Architects
Description Compulsory in Ontario, Alberta, British Columbia, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. No compulsory in Quebec, Prince Edward Island, Newfoundland and the Northwest Territories. The program is based on points for activities completed. The program is comprised of two components: Professional Renewal and Self-Directed Learning Opportunities. Professional Renewal activities are comprised of topics related to Provincial priorities whereas Self-Directed activities apply to the practice of architecture at large. The number of activities required per cycle or year differs from Province to Province.
 
CODE OF ETHICS
Does it exist? Yes
Constituting body Provincial Association of Architects
 
OTHER PROFESSIONALS INVOLVED IN THE CONSTRUCTION PROCESS
Are there others who may legally provide similar services to architects? Yes
Title Competences
PROFESSIONAL ENGINEER A professional engineer may prepare or provide a design for and carry out the general review of the construction, enlargemnt or alteration of a building within the described scope of practice and in accordance with the rules in the Architects Act and the Building Code.
Other professionals in the provision of architectural services
Title Competences
   
 
ADDITIONAL NOTES
The title Architect / Architecture is protected under the Architects Act. Other design professionals may design buildings within certain categories but they may not call themselves architects or claim to be practicing architecture.
 
PROFESSIONAL ARCHITECTURAL BODIES
Name of body Competences
THE ROYAL ARCHITECTURAL INSTITUTE OF CANADA A voluntary national association representing more than 3000 professional architects from every region of the country. The RAIC advances the cause of Architecture and its practice in Canada and provides the national framework for the development and sharing of architectural experience. Activities: Publications, Simposia & Exhibitions, Resource Task Groups, Research, Awards, Networks.
ASSOCIATIONS OF ARCHITECTS of each Province (in Québec: ORDRE DES ARCHITECTES DU QUÉBEC) Professional organisations that administer and direct the practice of architecture in their Provinces. Licence and maintain a register of architects, administring NCARB examinations for potential members, disciplinary commitee, etc., although it varies among Provinces.
 
 
Foreign architects
Can a foreign architect practice independently? Yes
 
LAW/S REGULATING PRACTICE
Architects Act, that varies among the Provinces.
 
REQUIREMENTS
Origin 1 (all origins) Foreign architects must have a licence (or the temporary licence) from the Provincial Architects Association or be associated with a local architectural practice, and have a liability insurance.
Origin 2  
Origin 3  
 
PROCEDURE
Applying for licence at the Provincial Architects Association and successful completion of NCARB examinations.
 
EXPENSES
Approximately $700 + 7% GST Licence Fee + Certificate of Practice Fee and Indemnity Insurance Premiums.
 
DOCUMENTATION
Origin 1 (all origins) provincial licence, certificate of practice, liability insurance.
Origin 2  
Origin 3  

If foreign architects are authorised to work independently, what type of collaboration with national architects is recommended? A local Architects must review drawings for buidling code compliance and is responsible for general review of construction.
In the event that foreign architects are not authorised to work independently, what is the stipulated formula of collaboration with national architects? Temporary Licence to work with a local Architect.

ADDITIONAL NOTES
 

Useful addresses
THE ROYAL ARCHITECTURAL INSTITUTE OF CANADA
55 Murray Street, Suite 330
K1N 5M3  Ottawa
Ontario
Tel: 1-613-241 3600
Fax: 1-613-241 5750
e-mail: info@raic.org
URL: http://www.raic.org
 

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